shallow hand pumps near canals, channels and rajvahs. thumb rule for Saaf Pani , punjab

Think Before you install Reverse Osmosis and Ultra filtration, Pumps in far off Punjab Villages.

Mostly the area expected to be covered by the Punjab Saf Pani Company has canal water irrigation systems. This water , basically rain water has a TDS of around 200 ppm. the issue is fine clay (Silt), which is easily filtered through soil. If the pump is installed carefully, properly shrouded ( Packed with coarse sand around the casing). Pl be careful with the cement Khurra and see how it works.

Our experience has rarely  seen a pump with poor quality drinking water . An example of this successful experiment can be seen (though a crude approach, yet locally adopted) at the bank of huge lower Jhelum canal , passing through Sargodha. where an old water supply system has collapsed due to poor know how and poor maintenance.

Same is the story at Faisal Abad , plenty pumps called filtration plants are working near Abdullah pur canal. Water from both places at Sargodha and Faisalabad is being collected by individuals , Rickshaws, Cars , cycles and carried home.

The donkey carts and other sources sell the can filled from hear on regular basis and earn livelihood.

he only care needed is good plastic cans and cleaned regularly for algal contents.

Punjab Saaf Pani company experts seem to have only one solution in their cuffs i.e Reverse osmosis and Ultra filtration.

Good luck with your team and 70 billion.

Hand pumps at Canal Bank for water collection to Sargodha City.

The red box has motorized pumping arrangement.

water at sargodha 2

MBA. Specialized in Environment Sciences. New Concept for Pakistan

So far several MBAs in marketing, Finance, HR , supply chain and some others have been produced by hundreds of institutions in Pakistan. Most of them are jobless or doing odd jobs, leaving few top institutions or the ones with good contacts in the market.

An area Of prime importance where big gap of educated and trained staff lies is Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH). this subject has a great application in departments of Public health, WASA, water supply, Environment Department and industries where mostly staff with no specific academic back ground is working. best education fit is Engineers who have some part back ground buildup.

of late a huge project as Punjab Saf Pani with PKR billion has been launched and Local governments are about to be launched who have water and sanitation as its responsibility and will need lot of qualified staff.

Apart from this WASH development has a multiple effect on development indicators like  Health, Education specially female, poverty and making time and resources available available for family development.

It is recomended that universities offer MBA (WASH) special, starting from BBA and completing at MBA level

more detailed material  can be seen at http://www.waterpakistan.com/

http://www.waterpakistan.com/?s=course+out+line+

and contact the author at   mjahangir298@gmail.com

Proposed Research Topic, pollution load to Arabian sea

 “Load of salts, organic material, pollution going to Indian Ocean from Pakistan.”

There is hardly any treatment worth the name of effluents domestic,
industrial or agricultural runoff.
we have a environment protection act, NEQs for effluents, water and drinking water policy,
National drinking water standards.
This is expected to be a desk study, synthesizing all of these policies, protocols and compared
 with international policies as bench mark.
you may like to add impact on marine life also.
kindly comment, discuss with your professor, hope he likes it
solid waste in river
Second proposed topic
Synthesizing the existing water ,sanitation, hygiene, environment act NEQs and climate change documents

into a viable document for Pakistan to act as a hand book for improving WASH as a sustainable development tool.
This document is going to help the decision makers who want to do some thing but do not know-what to do.
i can assure you there are plenty on various tiers of jobs, who do not know what and how to do it.
Later this document will be up scaled to south Asia.
i am also working on this theme , now.

Open Working Group proposal for Sustainable Development Goals

source     https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdgsproposal
Open Working Group proposal for Sustainable Development Goals
Introduction

1. The Rio+20 outcome document, The future we want, inter alia, set out a mandate to establish an Open Working Group to develop a set of sustainable development goals for consideration and appropriate action by the General Assembly at its 68th session. It also provided the basis for their conceptualization. The Rio outcome gave the mandate that the SDGs should be coherent with and integrated into the UN development agenda beyond 2015.

2. Poverty eradication is the greatest global challenge facing the world today and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. The Rio+20 outcome reiterated the commitment to freeing humanity from poverty and hunger as a matter of urgency.

3. Poverty eradication, changing unsustainable and promoting sustainable patterns of consumption and production and protecting and managing the natural resource base of economic and social development are the overarching objectives of and essential requirements for sustainable development.

4. People are at the centre of sustainable development and, in this regard, Rio+20 promised to strive for a world that is just, equitable and inclusive, and committed to work together to promote sustained and inclusive economic growth, social development and environmental protection and thereby to benefit all, in particular the children of the world, youth and future generations of the world without distinction of any kind such as age, sex, disability, culture, race, ethnicity, origin, migratory status, religion, economic or other status.

5. Rio+20 also reaffirmed all the principles of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, including, inter alia, the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, as set out in principle 7 thereof.

6. It also reaffirmed the commitment to fully implement the Rio Declaration, Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21, the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg Plan of Implementation) and the Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development, the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States (Barbados Programme of Action) and the Mauritius Strategy for the Further Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States. It also reaffirmed the commitment to the full implementation of the Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries for the Decade 2011–2020 (Istanbul Programme of Action), the Almaty Programme of Action: Addressing the Special Needs of Landlocked Developing Countries within a New Global Framework for Transit Transport Cooperation for Landlocked and Transit Developing Countries, the political declaration on Africa’s development needs and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development. It reaffirmed the commitments in the outcomes of all the major United Nations conferences and summits in the economic, social and environmental fields, including the United Nations Millennium Declaration, the 2005 World Summit Outcome, the Monterrey Consensus of the International Conference on Financing for Development, the Doha Declaration on Financing for Development, the outcome document of the High-level Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly on the Millennium Development Goals, the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, the key actions for the further implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, and the outcome documents of their review conferences. The Outcome document of the September 2013 special event to follow up efforts made towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals reaffirmed, inter alia, the determination to craft a strong post-2015 development agenda. The commitment to migration and development was reaffirmed in the Declaration of the High-Level Dialogue on International Migration and Development.

7. Rio+20 outcome reaffirmed the need to be guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, with full respect for international law and its principles. It reaffirmed the importance of freedom, peace and security, respect for all human rights, including the right to development and the right to an adequate standard of living, including the right to food and water, the rule of law, good governance, gender equality, women’s empowerment and the overall commitment to just and democratic societies for development. It also reaffirmed the importance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as other international instruments relating to human rights and international law.

8. The OWG underscored that the global nature of climate change calls for the widest possible cooperation by all countries and their participation in an effective and appropriate international response, with a view to accelerating the reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions. It recalled that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change provides that parties should protect the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations of humankind on the basis of equity and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. It noted with grave concern the significant gap between the aggregate effect of mitigation pledges by parties in terms of global annual emissions of greenhouse gases by 2020 and aggregate emission pathways consistent with having a likely chance of holding the increase in global average temperature below 2° C, or 1.5° C above pre-industrial levels and it reaffirmed that the ultimate objective under the UNFCCC is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.

9. Planet Earth and its ecosystems are our home and that “Mother Earth” is a common expression in a number of countries and regions, and Rio+20 noted that some countries recognize the rights of nature in the context of the promotion of sustainable development. Rio+20 affirmed the conviction that in order to achieve a just balance among the economic, social and environmental needs of present and future generations, it is necessary to promote harmony with nature. It acknowledged the natural and cultural diversity of the world, and recognized that all cultures and civilizations can contribute to sustainable development.

10. Rio+20 recognized that each country faces specific challenges to achieve sustainable development. It underscored the special challenges facing the most vulnerable countries and, in particular, African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States, as well as the specific challenges facing the middle-income countries. Countries in situations of conflict also need special attention.

11. Rio+20 reaffirmed the commitment to strengthen international cooperation to address the persistent challenges related to sustainable development for all, in particular in developing countries. In this regard, it reaffirmed the need to achieve economic stability, sustained economic growth, the promotion of social equity and the protection of the environment, while enhancing gender equality, women’s empowerment and equal employment for all, and the protection, survival and development of children to their full potential, including through education.

12. Each country has primary responsibility for its own economic and social development and the role of national policies, domestic resources and development strategies cannot be overemphasized. Developing countries need additional resources for sustainable development. There is a need for significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources and the effective use of financing, in order to promote sustainable development. Rio+20 affirms the commitment to reinvigorating the global partnership for sustainable development and to mobilizing the necessary resources for its implementation. The report of the Intergovernmental Committee of Experts on Sustainable Development Financing will propose options for a sustainable development financing strategy. The substantive outcome of the third International Conference on Financing for Development in July 2015 will assess the progress made in the implementation of the Monterrey Consensus and the Doha Declaration. Good governance and the rule of law at the national and international levels are essential for sustained, inclusive and equitable economic growth, sustainable development and the eradication of poverty and hunger.

13. Rio+20 reaffirmed that there are different approaches, visions, models and tools available to each country, in accordance with its national circumstances and priorities, to achieve sustainable development in its three dimensions which is our overarching goal.

14. The implementation of sustainable development goals will depend on a global partnership for sustainable development with the active engagement of governments, as well as civil society, the private sector, and the United Nations system. A robust mechanism of implementation review will be essential for the success of the SDGs. The General Assembly, the ECOSOC system and the High Level Political Forum will play a key role in this regard.

15. Rio+20 reiterated the commitment to take further effective measures and actions, in conformity with international law, to remove the obstacles to the full realization of the right of self-determination of peoples living under colonial and foreign occupation, which continue to adversely affect their economic and social development as well as their environment, are incompatible with the dignity and worth of the human person and must be combated and eliminated.

16. Rio+20 reaffirmed that, in accordance with the Charter, this shall not be construed as authorizing or encouraging any action against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State. It resolved to take further effective measures and actions, in conformity with international law, to remove obstacles and constraints, strengthen support and meet the special needs of people living in areas affected by complex humanitarian emergencies and in areas affected by terrorism.

17. In order to monitor the implementation of the SDGs, it will be important to improve the availability of and access to data and statistics disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts to support the support the monitoring of the implementation of the SDGs. There is a need to take urgent steps to improve the quality, coverage and availability of disaggregated data to ensure that no one is left behind.

18. Sustainable Development Goals are accompanied by targets and will be further elaborated through indicators focused on measurable outcomes. They are action oriented, global in nature and universally applicable. They take into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development and respect national policies and priorities. They build on the foundation laid by the MDGs, seek to complete the unfinished business of the MDGs, and respond to new challenges. These goals constitute an integrated, indivisible set of global priorities for sustainable development. Targets are defined as aspirational global targets, with each government setting its own national targets guided by the global level of ambition but taking into account national circumstances. The goals and targets integrate economic, social and environmental aspects and recognize their interlinkages in achieving sustainable development in all its dimensions.

Sustainable Development Goals
Goal 1 End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Goal 2 End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
Goal 3 Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Goal 4 Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
Goal 5 Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Goal 6 Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Goal 7 Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Goal 8 Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Goal 9 Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
Goal 10 Reduce inequality within and among countries
Goal 11 Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Goal 12 Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Goal 13 Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts*
Goal 14 Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
Goal 15 Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Goal 16 Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Goal 17 Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

* Acknowledging that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the primary international, intergovernmental forum for negotiating the global response to climate change

SOURCE     https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdgsproposal

 

12 die as heavy rains lash Pindi, Islamabad- climate change

12 die as heavy rains lash Pindi, Islamabad
Low-lying areas go under water; army called out for rescue around Leh nullah; Met forecasts more rains
army called out for rescue around Leh nullah; Met forecasts more rains
Khalid Iqbal
Wednesday, July 08, 2015
From Print Edition
 

RAWALPINDI: Twelve people were killed in torrential rains that hit the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad on Tuesday. Like other parts of Punjab, heavy rain began here at around 11am causing massive destruction. Floods and incidents of roof collapses were reported from different localities.

The son of Hanif Khattak, a staff member of The News, was also carried away by the rainwater in Bhara Kahu. The Punjab government took notice of the situation and ordered the local management to utilise all resources to remove the rainwater from low-lying affected localities of Rawalpindi. The local management called the army for help at many points, particularly around the Nullah Leh.

The provincial government ordered all DCOs to adopt precautionary measures to avoid the floods in their areas. Rescue 1122 Spokesman Muhammad Waqas told The News: “We have found four dead bodies from different localities in Rawalpindi. Two of them have been identified as 15-year-old Hammad Ahmed and 18-year-old Muhammad Rehman.”

In addition, Ibrar Hussain died due to collapse of roof and 13-year-old Dawood drowned in Nullah Leh. The body of 14-year-old Alviya was recovered from the Nullah Leh and Arshad Mehmood, Atif Anees and Kamran were taken away by the rainwaters. Some unidentified bodies have also been recovered from the water.

The Director, Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD), Dr Muhammad Hanif, said that heavy rain would continue in the next 24 hours in the twin cities. Nullah Leh may be overflowing for some days, he warned.

The water in Rawal Dam has risen to its full capacity, forcing the city government of Islamabad to open the spillways. The water of Soan River entered several villages situated along it causing damage to lives and property of citizens. Heavy floods in the river broke the 22-year record.

The Nullah Leh played havoc in Arya Mohallah, Nadeem Colony, Javed Colony, Jehangir Road, Dhoke Chiraghdin, Chamanzar, Gawalmandi, Ratta Amral, Dhoke Hassu, Dhoke Khabba, Dhoke Ratta, Sadiqabad, Muslim Town, Banni, Dhoke Kashmirian, Rawal Road, Tahli Mohrri, Lalkurti, Dheri Hassanabad, Dhoke Syedan, Misrial Road, Shakriyal, Muslim Colony, Amarpura, Ferozpura, Kartarpura, Bohar Bazaar, Moti Bazaar, Committee Chowk Underpass, Waris Khan Chowk, Rasheed Colony and Mukha Singh Estate.

Flood emergency was declared in the affected localities of Rawalpindi. Sirens were sounded by Rescue 1122 and an announcement was made on microphones at about 12:15am directing the people to go to safer places, as water in Nullah Leh would cross the danger level in one hour. Leh’s water started to gush into houses in low-lying areas at around 12:50am. People adopted safety measures by taking refuge in higher buildings, rooftops and upper floors of houses.

Army Jawans, volunteers and officials of the city district government including commissioner Rawalpindi, DCO, Wasa managing director and TMA administrator reached the spot along with their teams to supervise the overall rescue efforts. Electricity supply was suspended in majority of localities in Rawalpindi as soon as Nullah Leh’s water reached the dangerous level of 16-foot.

In Dera Ghazi Khan, a windstorm followed by heavy rain paralysed activities. The rain turned weather pleasant. However, rainwater inundated various localities including Liaqat Bazaar, Faridi Bazaar, College Road, Sadar Bazaar, Ghanta Ghar Bazaar and Goalbagh Quaid-e-Azam Road.

Rainwater also entered the houses in low-lying areas and caused problems for the people. The district administration completely failed to drain out the rainwater from various roads. Meanwhile, the power supply remained suspended for eight hours and could not be restored in rural areas after heavy rain till the filing of this report.

source   http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-13-38476-12-die-as-heavy-rains-lash-Pindi-Islamabad

Saaf Pani, 70 billion budget, free hand as a company- Not a drop to drink sofar?

It is strongly recommended that One RO and one UF be installed at an urgent basis and let us learn from its experience as the time passes. similar job was to be done by clean drinking water for all (CDWA) and we were promised 6700 plants by the year 2007. No efforts are being done to look into the cause of failure of that project by the ministry of special initiatives.

See a dedicated ministry could not go beyond 600 plants, not to speak of successful running.

This team of Lawyers, accountants, administrators, engineers may hardly deliver. Saaf Pani is a Microbiology. Biochemistry and Chemistry issues.

No body in this team is telling , what standards of saaf pani they will maintain and how ?

Think this is too much of asking from the team that has been chosen. The group has been given a free hand and enough money. Government speed and facilities have been removed by converting it to a Company, think those rules regulations might have helped keep the direction.
time to publish its policy and strategy. It is making No use of previous experience of clean drinking water for all project (CDWA) which was to supply one plant in every union council, under a special ministry , by the year 2007.
Keep your finger crossed CM sahib.
Though wish you and the team a good luck ,for the poor people of Pakistan.
Saaf Paani , please make use of previous experience of CDWA>

some proposed research topics for WASH , university level

1. situation analysis of policy/ legal documentation about water, sanitation and hygiene in KPK.

2. proposed water act for hazara
3. A viable legal control of WASH ( water ,sanitation and hygiene) -Starter
4.Controlling climate Change from Hazara by legal controls of saving and improving the trees – evepotranspiration hub of south asia
5.WASH rules/ controls in schools , colleges of KPK, a slow and silent development route

 

Kindly comment freely

Clean water to become available to more than 40m people: CM, saaf pani

Clean water to become available to more than 40m people: CM
Our Correspondent
Friday, July 03, 2015
From Print Edition

LAHORE

Shahbaz Sharif has said that potable water is the right of every citizen and Punjab government will give this right to the people through Saaf Pani Project.

He said that Saaf Pani Project was directly linked to the health of the masses and this project was of vital importance in this regard. He said that an amount of Rs70 billion would be spent during the next three years on this project of public interest. He said that work would be carried out on this big project speedily while transparency and standard would also be maintained.

The chief minister expressed these views while presiding over a meeting here Thursday which reviewed the progress of Punjab Saaf Pani Project.

Addressing the meeting, the chief minister said that potable water would become available to more than 40 million people of villages of Punjab during next three years. He said that a sum of Rs11 billion would be spent on Saaf Pani Project during current fiscal year. He said that work on this project had been started in four districts of Bahawalpur region of South Punjab, including Bahawalnagar, Rahim Yar Khan, Lodhran and Bahawalpur.

He said that third party audit would be compulsory for ensuring transparency and standard of the project. He directed that dashboard with regard to the project should be prepared and digital mapping of the entire project should be carried out. He said he would not allow extension of any kind in the timeline fixed for the project and it should be completed within timeline already given.

source  http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-5-326866-Clean-water-to-become-available-to-more

Scrap import by industrial consumers linked with EPA approval, plastic, hospital waste

Scrap import by industrial consumers linked with EPA approval

KARACHI: Ministry of Commerce has made it mandatory that waste; parings and scrap of plastics, excluding hospital waste of all kind, used sewerage pipes and used chemical containers; can only be imported by industrial consumers after the approval of respective Environmental Protection Agencies (EPAs).

According to details waste/scrap can be imported by industrial consumers after environmental approval of Plastic Scrap Recycling facility by the respective Federal or Provincial Environmental Protection Agencies (EPAs) indicating the annual recycling capacity.

Respective EPAs will give final decision within 30 days of submission of the application. Moreover, Annual Environmental Audit Report duly approved by the respective EPAs is also mandatory.

Besides, Pre-Shipment Inspection in exporting country by any of the companies mentioned would also be required. The companies shall certify that the consignment being exported to Pakistan does not contain any hazardous substance as defined in the Basel Convention.

Customs authorities, in case of doubt, may randomly get any consignment tested, through PCSIR or any other government certified laboratory. The imported consignment of the registered recycling plant shall be cleared from one custom station only.

Sources said that all the consignments of above mentioned goods are held up by the Customs authorities after the issuance of the above directives by Ministry of commerce. As many as 82 containers are stuck up at MCC Lahore, 30 at Karachi port and consignments are also held up at other dry ports.

It may be recalled that Polymer West Importers Recyclers Association had taken a stay order from Lahore high Court on the provisions of Import Policy Order in this regard. However, MoC has issued this new notification. But, Customs is confused over the implementation of these directives and has held up all the consignments of the above mentioned goods.

Customs sources that quota for import of the above mentioned goods should be finalized by EDB Islamabad or IOCO Karachi.

Source   http://customnews.pk/2015/04/30/scrap-import-by-industrial-consumers-linked-with-epa-approval/

Water Hygenie and Sanitation Issues Of Pakistan