World Water Day 2015: Water and Sustainable Development

source..  http://programme.worldwaterweek.org/event/world-water-day-3923

World Water Day 2015: Water and Sustainable Development

Convenor(s):
UN-Water
Co-convenor(s):
Cap-Net UNDP; Global Water Partnership and United Nations Development Programme

Not available yet.

Each year, World Water Day highlights a specific aspect of freshwater. Under the theme ‘Water and Sustainable Development’, the year 2015 provides an important opportunity to consolidate and build upon the previous World Water Days to highlight water’s role in the sustainable development agenda.

 

UN-Water supports the World Water Day campaign and sets the theme each year. At the World Water Week 2014, UN-Water presents the plan for the World Water Day 2015 campaign, which is coordinated by UNDP with the support of WWAP, UNESCO, HABITAT, UNEP, The World Bank and UN-DESA.

 

Participants will get an opportunity to learn more about the theme of World Water Day, get the latest update on how the international community perceives water’s role in the post-2015 framework and will be invited to get involved in the campaign. In addition, participants will also discover the logo of the World Water Day 2015.

WORLD WATER COUNCIL, 7th Forum. Korea

source.       7th World Water Forum 2015

Just for information, please use the link for details.

http://www.worldwatercouncil.org/forum/daegu-gyeongbuk-2015/

7th World Water Forum, Daegu & Gyeongbuk 2015
Water for our future

The 7th edition of the world’s largest water event will gather participants from the international water community as well as policy and decision makers from every corner of the world to discuss current water issues and catalyze positive change.

The 7th World Water Forum to be held in Daegu – Gyeongbuk, Republic of Korea, 12-17 April 2015, will focus on the implementation of the solutions that were identified during the 6th edition (France, 2012) in line with its 3 primary objectives:

  • Moving from Solutions to Implementation
  • Bridging the Platform of Science & Technology to Water Issues
  • Contributing to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Four main subjects grouping 16 themes constitute the thematic framework of the 7th World Water Forum:

  1. Water Security for All
  2. Water for Development and Prosperity
  3. Water for Sustainability: Harmonizing Humans and Nature
  4. Constructing Feasible Implementation Mechanisms

The regional processes for this 7th edition are Africa, the Americas, Asia-Pacific, Europe, the Mediterranean and Arab region and an Economically Water Insecure (EWI) region.

In addition to the thematic, regional and political processes, a fourth Science and Technology process will focus on how to address water issues through the exchange of water-related cutting-edge technologies and information.

A Citizen’s Forum to raise citizen awareness in favor of water will be promoted and a Youth and Children’s Forum will be engaged.

The 7th World Water Forum is jointly organized by the World Water Council and the Republic of Korea together with the city of Daegu-Gyeongbuk.

Upcoming events

7th World Water Forum

Daegu-Gyeongbuk, South Korea

12 April 2015 to 17 April 2015

Publications

1st announcement of the 7th World Water Forum – Daegu Gyeonbuk, 12-17 April 2015

Introduction & Preparatory Processes.

Date: April 2013
English version (15 pages – pdf 2,63MB)

2nd announcement of the 7th World Water Forum – Daegu Gyeonbuk, 12-17 April 2015

Introduction & Program Processes.

Date: June 2014
English version (16 pages – pdf 2,52MB)

Water for our future – 7th World Water Forum – Daegu Gyeonbuk, 12-17 April 2015

Presentation Brochure.

Date: August 2014
English version (2 pages – pdf 13,8MB)


Background documents

Dedicated efforts are afoot to eradicate polio virus from Pakistan: President

Dedicated efforts are afoot to eradicate polio virus from Pakistan: President

Islamabad, February 17, 2015 (PPI-OT): President Mamnoon Hussain has said that the health and future of country’s children is dear to us and dedicated efforts are afoot to eradicate polio virus from Pakistan. The President urged the international community that it should be considerate toward Pakistan instead of imposing sanctions.

The President was speaking at the inauguration of 2ndPakistan Conference on Sanitation, here at Islamabad. The President stated the menace of polio would soon be eliminated from Pakistan. Referring to the importance of topic of the Conference, the President stated that one of the cardinal teachings of Islam relates to cleanliness and personal hygiene.

Islam equates cleanliness with half the faith and exhorts believers to steadfastly follow this principle. The President said that Conventions on Human Rights to Sanitation have been adopted by the United Nations and subsequently endorsed by the Government of Pakistan.

In the aftermath of 18th amendment, efforts are being made to renew and realize the joint commitment through legislative policy and institutional measures at the federal and provincial level to bring sanitation and hygiene at the forefront of national and provincial priorities, added the President.

The President highlighted out that poor sanitation and hygiene services in the country are one of the contributing factors to high mortality rate for children under the age of five. President Mamnoon Hussain emphasized that he would personally commit himself towards the advancement of the sanitation and hygiene movement in the country and would also urge others to champion this cause. Federal Minister for Climate Change Senator Mushahid Ullah Khan also addressed on the occasion.

For more information, contact:
Haji Ahmed Malik
Principal Information Officer
Press Information Department (PID)
Tel: +92-51-9252323 and +92-51-9252324
Fax: +92-51-9252325 and +92-51-9252326
Email: piopid@gmail.com

source       http://newsmakers.pk/story/56351.html/dedicated-efforts-are-afoot-to-eradicate-polio-virus-from-pakistan-president/

Ambitious SDGs to be launched in 2016

ISLAMABAD: An ambitious long-term Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), comprising 17 goals with 169 targets scheduled to be launched in 2016, will succeed the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which meet its deadline in 2015.

According to UN sources, the new 15-year agenda up to 2030 also to address the unfinished business of the MDGs is expected to be adopted by the annual UN General Assembly in September.

The new blue-print of goals that consider economic, social and environmental dimensions to improve lives of people and protect the planet for future generations has been prepared by an ‘Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals’ set up by the General Assembly.

Focusing on what it calls the three pillars of sustainable development — namely social, economic and environmental — the goals aim, among others, to promote sustainable agriculture, women’s empowerment and the sustainable management of water and sanitation.

On the economic front, they outline promoting decent work for all and pledge to reduce inequality within and among countries.

In regards to the environment, they will aim to make human settlements safer and ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.

SDGs’ Goal-1 seeks to eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere by 2030, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day. Also by 2030, the goal seeks to reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions.

Goal-2 related to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture, and it seeks to end hunger by 2030 and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations.

Goal-3 will ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages, and by 2030 reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 births and end preventable deaths of new-borns and under-5 children.

Goal-4 will ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all. It will be ensured that by 2030 all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes.

Goal-5 seeks to eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation. It will further eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilations.

The plan also ensures women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life.

Goal-6 seeks to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation, while on the other hand, goal-7 will ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.

It has been proposed that goal-8 would promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Goal 9 seeks to build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation, while goal 10 aims to reduce inequality within and among countries. Goal 11 will make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable, whereas goal 12 will ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.

The plan under goal 13 will take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts and goal 14 will conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

Goa-15 will seek protection, restoration and promotion of sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

The proposed goal-16 will seek promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective institutions at all levels.

Goal-17 will help strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development.

Published in Dawn, July 27th, 2014

http://www.dawn.com/news/1121853

world water day 2015

source .  http://programme.worldwaterweek.org/event/world-water-day-3923

World Water Day 2015: Water and Sustainable Development

Convenor(s):
UN-Water
Co-convenor(s):
Cap-Net UNDP; Global Water Partnership and United Nations Development Programme

 

Not available yet.

Each year, World Water Day highlights a specific aspect of freshwater. Under the theme ‘Water and Sustainable Development’, the year 2015 provides an important opportunity to consolidate and build upon the previous World Water Days to highlight water’s role in the sustainable development agenda.

 

UN-Water supports the World Water Day campaign and sets the theme each year. At the World Water Week 2014, UN-Water presents the plan for the World Water Day 2015 campaign, which is coordinated by UNDP with the support of WWAP, UNESCO, HABITAT, UNEP, The World Bank and UN-DESA.

 

Participants will get an opportunity to learn more about the theme of World Water Day, get the latest update on how the international community perceives water’s role in the post-2015 framework and will be invited to get involved in the campaign. In addition, participants will also discover the logo of the World Water Day 2015.

 

source . http://programme.worldwaterweek.org/event/world-water-day-3923

Australia Awards Scholarships in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan 2016: Awards in Water Resource Management, Deadline 30 April 2015

 FW: Australia Awards Scholarships in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan 2016: Awards in Water Resource Management, Deadline 30 April 2015

Kashmir Institute of National Developmen KIND <ajkdevelopment@live.com>

Attachments12:17 PM (6 hours ago)

to me, m.b., Basharat
 —————————————————–
Kashmir Institute of National Development (KIND)
752, Bismillah Street, Near Model Science College, Upper Chatter, Muzaffarabad

GENIUS Vocational Training Complex (www.genius.com.pk)
Liaison Office: 20, St. 95, I-8/4 Islamabad
Phone: 0343 5090629 http://www.ajkdevelopment.weebly.com/
From: Nira.Gurung@icimod.org
To: niragrg@gmail.com
CC: Claire.Glendenning@dfat.gov.au; Tiruchirappalli.Vishwanathan@dfat.gov.au; Ryan.Thew@dfat.gov.au; Kellie.Raab@dfat.gov.au;Anja.Rasmussen@icimod.org; Dipshikha.Gurung@icimod.org; Utsav.Maden@icimod.org; Smita.Ghimire@icimod.org;Nasana.Badyakar@icimod.org
Date: Mon, 16 Feb 2015 12:33:29 +0545
Subject: Australia Awards Scholarships in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan 2016: Awards in Water Resource Management, Deadline 30 April 2015

Dear Friends,

Here’s an announcement “Australia Awards Scholarships in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal & Pakistan: Awards in Water Resource Management” for 2016 issued by the Australian High Commission in New Delhi, India.   The scholarships are available for Masters by coursework or research in water resource management and will commence in January 2016. 

Applications opened on 1 February and close at 5pm (respective local time) on 30 April 2015,Thursday

Further information on the Australia Award Scholarships, including eligibility requirements and the application process is available in the attached brochure and at this link http://australiaawardssouthwestasia.org/how-to-apply

If you have any further queries, please kindly contact Mr Vishwanathan Tiruchirappalli, Senior Program Manager at the Australian High Commission, New Delhi, at vishwanathan.tiruchirappalli@dfat.gov.au

You are also welcome to pass on this information to others who would be interested in applying for the course.

Thank you.

Best wishes,
Nira
cid:image001.jpg@01CBB8A2.34517F00

Nira Gurung

Senior Communications Officer

Knowledge Management and Communications

International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development

GPO Box 3226, Kathmandu, Nepal

Tel +977-1-5003222 Ext 115 Fax +977-1-5003277 Web www.icimod.org

Connect to ICIMOD: facebook16x16  twitter16x16  youtube16x16  

Attachments area
Preview attachment Brochure – Australia Awards in Water Resource Management in 2016.pdf

Brochure – Australia Awards in Water Resource Management in 2016.pdf
 source
 https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?shva=1#inbox/14b913f74d6eec4d

Pakosan is misleading direction, let us focus on WASH !

Pakosan, a replica of SACOSAN for Pakistan is like a step ahead and two backward. At a stage In Pakistan where lot of home work has been done in the form of

  1. national drinking water Policy
  2. national sanitation policy
  3. national drinking water standards
  4. national environment quality standards
  5. draft national water act  and
  6. 7 Filtration Plants through out the country

we need to work Hard on these documents we got through the governments offices And give a viable work plan to the decision makers, who want to Solve this issue and achieve sacosan targets and MDGs Commitments.

Pakistan , unfortunately has gone through three emergencies

1,  Earth Quake

2. internally Displaced persons and

3. Floods has learned a lot the Hardest way , emergency wash , and has unique learning and sharing position.

Pakosan added to Sacosan reduces the focus on WASH development as a whole and diverts attention. knowing well that harvesting the fruits of efforts on improving water, sanitation and hygiene as package will not be possible.

At the same time it has a misleading approach to wards the understanding that sanitation is all about CLTS,

CLTS is all about ODF

and ODF  is the single health protection initiative we need to improve.

If we unpack ODF , the other options of having dry, bucket, pit and limited flush latrines only act to shift the human refuse to end of the street open pons, causing much more and all problems with more  gravity we are trying to avoid in open deification.

Please think , flushing or throwing our shit out of home without treatment is no sanitation.

we need to take care of it, do some thing about unsafe Hospital waste and promote Hand washing with soap in places of wuzu in Pakistan , BD mosques.

 

 

 

 

 

Pak-Korean JV to survey & design water supply solutions in Punjab, Saaf Pani

Pak-Korean JV to survey & design water supply solutions in Punjab

Updated 13 hours ago

 

Lahore: (Monday, February 9, 2015) A Joint Venture of Pakistani and Korean firm has agreed to endow their services for planning and redesigning of dysfunctional water supply schemes and provide new water supply solutions in Dera Ghazi Khan and Faisalabad Regions of Punjab province.
A Korean delegation led by Mr. In Dae Kim, Vice President Yooshin Engineering held contract negotiations with Punjab Saaf Pani Company (PSPC) team led by Mr. Farasat Iqbal, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) here on Monday and successfully negotiated terms of services to initiate their input on fast track basis.
A Joint Venture of G3 Engineering Pvt Ltd, Yooshin Engineering and Crescent Consultants Consortium (CCC) will provide engineering and management consultancy services to PSPC.
During the contract negotiations, JV delegation also included Mr. Sean Kim – International Projects Expert, Mr. Hawn Kim – Company Executive, Yooshin Engineering, Engr. Ali Abbas Gillani – Managing Director G3, Chouhdary Saifullah Ejaz – Director G3, Sardar Amin of Prosperous Management Group and Israr Khan of MAK International.
The PSPC team comprised of Mr. Abid Hussainy, General Manger Strategic Management & Planning, Dr Zahirudin Khan, Chief Technical Officer, Mr. Ali Shaikh, General Manager, Projects & Services, Syed Iqtidar Ali Shah, Manager Projects & Services and Mr. Usman Ghazi, Manager Legal.
Congratulating the JV for winning the contract through a transparent process, Mr. Farasat Iqbal said that Government of Punjab is committed to provide safe water supply solutions to rural and peri-urban areas of Punjab and PSPC has been established as a special purpose vehicle to meet the objectives.
At the end of meeting, Mr. Sean Kim presented a souvenir to Mr. Farasat Iqbal as a token of appreciation and extended JVs full support to achieve the targets within given time frame.\\
source   https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.609406439203644.1073741836.605054712972150&type=1

Punjab Saaf Pani , Field visit

https://www.facebook.com/punjabsaafpani/timeline/story?ut=43&wstart=0&wend=1425196799&hash=-4050034074528909351&pagefilter=3
A PSPC team comprising of GM Projects & Services, Mr. Ali Shaikh, Manager Projects & Services, Mr. Iqtidar Shah along with two program officers and EXEN Public Health Engineering Department (PHED) Faisalabad visited priority Tehsils of Tandlianwala and Jarranwala to initially assess the state of existing water supply schemes.
The team visited rural settlements and held meetings with community representatives of Chak No. 39 GB of Jarranwala Tehsil, Chak No. 602 GB, 603 GB and 423 GB of Tehsil Tandlianwala and noted following observations.
During visit of a community run scheme, it was observed that pumping water from the source is fixed for two hours a day mainly because of heavy electricity bills up to Rs.20,000/=, paid by the community itself. It was told that there were total of 400 connections in the village, whereas 300 connections were being supplied water, while 100 were disconnected due to non payments. The operator of the scheme was also paid Rs.8,000/= per month as salary by the community. The infrastructure of the scheme was found in poor condition, indicating poor maintenance of pipe network, however pumps were kept in better working condition.
The community representatives were of the view that they want more water but due to heavy operational costs they are forced to reduce pumping time. However, poor condition and fewer pumping hours’ makes the system depressurized that may lead to cross contamination of supplied water.
It was also observed and confirmed during discussion with PHED officials and local community that ground water under coverage of Lower Gogera Branch canal is supposed to fall in the sweeter zone. The shallow tube wells up to 230ft will be meeting TDS standards, however for other chemical contaminants, it may be treated accordingly and disinfected before supplying to the community.
For smaller communities, it is generally preferable to protect a groundwater source that requires little or no treatment than to treat surface water that has been exposed to fecal and other contaminations. In many circumstances, however, surface water is the only practicable source of supply and requires affordable treatment and disinfection.
While visiting a rural site in Tandlianwala Tehsil, it was observed that the out of three tube wells only one found functional and supplying water to the community, while rest of the two were non-functional. The reason behind one non-functional scheme was reported Transformer theft.
According to the operator the functional scheme, pumping hours vary from 7 to 8 hrs. TDS value was measured with the help of TDS meter and recorded value at 975ppm, less than WHO standards.
During visit and discussion in another community, no water supply scheme found in the village. The only drinking water source for the community was a hand pump, installed just on the edge of road with approximately TDS level of 1100ppm. Community shared that the water tastes bad and not suitable for drinking, and they buy water from vendors in a 30 liter containers at a price of Rs.20. Community members shared that there are 400 households in the village and each has to pay Rs.600 a month to buy drinking water containers. Community showed strong willingness for a new water supply scheme for a cheap and safe drinking water supply to the households.
It was also observed generally that villages are scattered and spread over large areas, and proximity of constructing a centralized and localized scheme would be another challenge in the area for the company and operators.
This is an initial assessment of the visited villages. It is planned to continue similar visits and engage GIS persons to prepare site maps and line diagrams to understand the context. It is also planned to conduct social assessment as well for the analysis of cultural and social sensitivities.
In such a situation where every household getting drinking water from different sources with apparently clear and sweet water, it is not guaranteed that the subject water is pathogen free and chemically safe (which may needs other treatment options). In such a situation, PSPC may further examine water qualities apart from TDS and explore localized simple solutions at household level to remove contaminations from hand pumps and establish water safety plans. Additionally, awareness programs for safe hygiene practices and use of low cost and low tech household treatment methods may also be applied.
source       https://www.facebook.com/punjabsaafpani/timeline/story?ut=43&wstart=0&wend=1425196799&hash=-4050034074528909351&pagefilter=3

India plans new dam on Chenab violating Indus water treaty

SOURCE     http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-2-227667-India-plans-new-dam-on-Chenab-violating-Indus-water-treaty
India plans new dam on Chenab violating Indus water treaty
Khalid Mustafa
Tuesday, January 21, 2014
From Print Edition
 3233  18  14  1

ISLAMABAD: In an alarming development, India plans to build another dam on the Chenab River with the name of 1,380 MW Kirthai hydropower project in Held Kashmir, breaching the 1960 Indus Waters Treaty (IWT).

The new project will not only damage water interests of Pakistan but will also inflict a huge blow to the environment of the lower riparian country.In a small stretch of the Chenab river basin, India is building numerous mega hydropower projects and dams to meet its energy demands.

However, in doing so, it is aggravating environmental issues in Pakistan and threatening water security.The most disturbing fact is that Pakistan’s authorities cleared the said project during the caretaker regime which hit the water interests of the country which has already been declared water stressed by international initiations. Indiacompleted the Kirthai Project Design Document on September 4, 2013, and applied the carbon credits from UN for clean energy to be produced from the said project. The upper riparian country can apply for carbon credit from UN only when the lower riparian country clears the design of the project and gets satisfied that the said project will not harm its environment.

According to Arshad H Abbasi, eminent water expert associated with the SDPI, the Kirthai Dam, is a blatant violation of the Indus Water Treaty and would submerge the beautiful Paddar Valley and its agricultural land of 900 hectares and thick conifer forest land of 160 hectares. Massive deforestation would have a serious local and trans-boundary environmental impact, while the construction activities would further accelerate the melting process of the glaciers in the Chenab Basin.

The application of India in UN seeking carbon credit on Kirthai project shows that some unscrupulous officials during the caretaker regime cleared the project. But the sources said that the environment ministry had cleared the controversial project enabling India to claim the carbon credit.

A source in the ministry of environment insisted that India is close to get the first installment of carbon credits from UN.India has claimed Carbon Credits against 1,335,828 ton of carbon at initial level. Later, another claim for 3,390,948 ton of carbon will be claimed to make the project more economically viable.

When contacted, Commissioner of Pakistan Commission of Indus Water (PCIW), Mirza Asif Beg said he is rendering services as PCIW commissioner for the last one and half years, this project has never been in discussion with his counterpart in India.

Under the Treaty, India is bound to share its design with us 6 months before the construction of the project on Pakistan’s rivers.However, he admitted that India can apply for carbon credits from UN agencies after the completion of the Kirthai Project Design Document.

Mr Beg said that Ministry of Environment is the ministry concerned which clears such projects after assessing the said project is not detrimental for Pakistan’s environment.When contacted, Environment DG Asif Shuja said that his ministry has not cleared the Kirthai project.

However, India can apply for carbon credits from UN, but the validators in UN are bound to seek the clearance from Pakistan as lower riparian country as to whether the said project is harmful for the trans-boundary environment or not. “So far, the validators did not approach the CDM (clean development mechanism) cell in the ministry.”

The 1380MW Kirthai Dam (Kirthai I of 390MW and Kirthai II of 990MW) stands as a stark reminder of how Pakistan failed to defend its water and energy rights.Documents available with The News show that the government of Jammu and Kashmir tried to conduct the Environmental Assessment Report in 2009, but without consulting people of the Paddar Valley.

Although the project has serious trans-boundary environmental issues that have yet to be addressed by the Indian Authorities, the project even got cleared by the authorities of the lower riparian country — Pakistan.

According to the design document of the controversial project, the dam and powerhouse site are located in the village Gulabgarh in Paddar Tehsil of Kishtwar District of Jammu and Kashmir, about 315km away from Jammu. It is approachable through a highway up till Batote, and beyond Batote up to Kishtwar. The 80km road from Kishtwar to Gulabgarh is mostly blacktopped. The elevation of the site is around 6,000 feet. The drainage area of the Chenab River up to dam site of Kirthai – I H E Project is 8530sq km, out of which 4608 Sq km are snow-fed and the rest 3922sq km are rain-fed. The basin receives precipitation round the year. During December till May, precipitation is mostly in the form of snow except in May when snowfall is confined to higher altitudes. During July to October, the precipitation is due to monsoon activity. June and November are the months of least precipitation. The mean annual precipitation over the Basin up to Kirthai dam is 750mm.

The Kirthai Dam was perceived in 1986 and detailed geological and other site investigations started in 1989 and completed in March 2005. A detailed project design and drawings were completed in December 2008. “The government of Jammu and Kashmir tried to conduct the Environmental Assessment Report in 2009, but without consulting people of the Paddar Valley. And on top of it project has serious trans-boundary environmental issues,” the sources said.

As per glacier inventory, almost 359 glaciers spread over 1,414 square kilometres (km2) in 1962 in the Chenab basin, but they reduced to 1,110km in 2004, with a 21 percent reduction in the area.

According to a rough estimate, glacier areas have been reduced by 29 percent in 2010. Melting of Glaciers in the Chenab River and a decrease in snow cover area, coupled with massive deforestation would severely impact river yield. As a consequence, Pakistan would suffer.

 

Water Hygenie and Sanitation Issues Of Pakistan